Publishing a LightSwitch Beta 1 Application
Here is the official documentation on how to publish a LightSwitch application – How to: Deploy a LightSwitch Application. For this example, I’m going to show how to deploy a simple application that does not have any role-based security set up. I’ll show how we can configure that in a later post.
So back over on my LightSwitch development machine the first thing we need to do is specify the type of 3-tier deployment we want. In the case of my application, I want it to be a Windows Desktop client because I’m doing some COM automation with Office and I want to run outside of the browser. To specify this, from the menu select Project—> AppName Properties and then select the Application Type tab to choose the type of 3-tier deployment you want.
Next, from the main menu select Build –> Publish AppName to open the LightSwitch Publish Application Wizard. Verify the deployment is 3-tier and then click next to get past the Welcome page. In the Publish Output section you select whether you want to remotely publish to the server or just create a package on disk. If you have installed the Web Deployment Tool on your server (which is automatically installed if you installed the LightSwith Prerequisites above) then you can choose to deploy the application directly to your server by selecting “Remotely publish to a server now”. (UPDATE: To see how to remotely publish see this post.)
NOTE: In Beta 1 you can only do remote publishing to a Windows 2008 server running IIS 7 at this time. The team has added support for IIS 6 and Windows 7 and will be available in the next refresh.
For this example I’m going to show how to create and install the package manually so select “Create a package on disk” and then enter LightSwitchTest for the website name and specify a location to where you want the package created. Then click Next.
On the next page you specify the Database Configuration details. You can either create a new database or specify a database that needs to be updated. This refers specifically to the intrinsic database that is maintained by every LightSwitch application and exists regardless of whether you create new tables or attach to an existing database for your data. For the first deployment of the application you are always going to want to select the New Database option as you won’t have one created yet. If you are publishing an update to an existing application then you would select Update Existing option.
NOTE: Currently Beta 1 cannot update an existing database. This is a known bug and will be fixed in the next refresh. For now you will need to update the database manually if you make any schema changes and want to publish the update.
Next click Publish and this will create a .ZIP file package in the publish location you specified. Copy that application package over to your web server.
Installing the LightSwitch Application Package on the Server
Back on the web server, navigate to the C:\LightSwitchTest folder and delete the Default.htm file we created earlier for testing. Then open up IIS Manager and right-click on the Default Web Site and select Deploy –> Import Application.
Browse to the .ZIP application package that we created then click Next, verify the virtual directory name and click Next. The contents of the package will be then be displayed.
Click Next and enter the remaining database details – specifying .\SQLEXPRESS as the local SQL Express server name, and entering the SQL Server user name and password we created above.
Click Next and this will kick off the installation that should be pretty quick. Once it completes you should be able to see your database in SQL Server Management Studio and all the web application files on disk.
Using Windows Integrated Security from the Web Application to the Database
Like I mentioned earlier, typically you want to set up Windows Integrated security between your web application and database. It’s a lot easier this way because you don’t have to worry about managing user names and passwords in a bunch of application connection strings. It also is a lot more secure — right now our username and password to the database is being stored in clear text on the web application’s Web.config.
Since we’ve configured our LightSwitchAppPool to run under the LightSwitchApp user identity we created earlier, we can change the connection string in the Web.config to use integrated security and the middle-tier will connect to the database under this windows account instead. In IIS Manager right-click on the LightSwitchTest web application and select Explore to navigate to the physical folder. Open the Web.config in notepad and remove the uid and password and add Integrated Security=SSPI:
<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”utf-8″?>
<appSettings> … </appSettings>
ource=.\SQLEXPRESS;Database=OMS;Integrated Security=SSPI;” />
Save the file. The last thing to do is add access to the application database (in my case I named it OMS). Open up SQL Server Management Studio again, expand the Security –> Logins node in the Object Explorer and double-click on the LightSwitchApp windows login account we added earlier. The Login properties are displayed. Select the User Mapping page and check off the application database to allow access then under the database role membership check db_owner and click OK:
NOTE: These steps should not be necessary at RTM once we are allowed to specify integrated security when installing a LightSwitch application package.
Launching the LightSwitch Application
Now for the fun part! Head over to a networked machine and navigate your favorite browser to the site http://<servername>/LightSwitchTest and you should see a “Install Silverlight” graphic on the page if you don’t have Silverlight installed. Install it then refresh the page and you will see the install page for your application:
Click the big blue “Install…” button and after a few seconds the application will launch out of browser and an application icon will be placed on the desktop. Woo hoo!
Now we have a 3-tier out-of-browser LightSwitch application deployed and running smooth.